circles and ancient sites.
it has been sparsely populated in modern times, Cornwall retains a huge amount
and traces of early prehistoric sites, such as the famous Lanyon Quoit (shown),
built following the so-called 'Neolithic Revolution' that began in 8000 BC.
of the Celts.
with most of the British Isles, Cornwall was populated by ethnic groups which
have since become known as the Celts. Roman influence in the peninsula was not
as extensive west of Exeter (Isca). The difficulties of reaching Cornwall, other
than by sea, was also important to the survival of Celtic culture following the
spread of the Angles and Saxons. The kingdom of Dumnonia (and its sub-canton,
Cornubia) was eventually overrun by the Saxons of Wessex. The slow procession
westward meant that Cornwall remained distinct from the rest of England. Below
right : Men-An-Tol
you can see today
name is in blue, click on it to go to a dedicated site.
Quoit High up on the Penwith moor this structure with large, flat slabs stands.
The capstone leans at an angle from the ground due to the collapse or removal
of a support. Grid Ref: SW469380, Latitude: 50.187221, Longitude: -5.546141
Quoit (photo at the top of this page) Chamber tomb. Before 1815, a man on
horseback could pass under the capstone. Adjacent east side of Penzance-Madron-Morvah
Holed stone. Along a track on east side of Penzance-Madron-Morvah road. Grid Ref:
SW426349, Latitude: 50.157540, Longitude: -5.604165
Castle Iron Age hill fort. Double embanked ramparts, well and Chun Quoit (photo
right) nearby, a Neolithic antiquity on the moors above Morvah. West of Penzance-Madron-Morvah
road. Excellent scenic view point. Grid Ref: SW402340, Latitude: 50.148415, Longitude:
Trencrom Hill Second century BC rampart.
Hut circles and well. 'Giant' legends. Excellent scenic viewpoint. North-east
of Penzance, off B3311 St.Ives-Penzance road.
Gurnard's Head Cliff Castle
(marked as Trereen Dinas). Path from Gurnard's Head coastguard station near hotel
Euny Hut circles and splendid fougou. Signposted from Drift on A30 west of
Maidens Circle of nineteen standing stones just south of B3315 about one mile
west of Lamorna valley. Nearest town: Penzance Nearest village: Trewoofe OS Sheet:
203 OS Map reference: SW433245
Baptistry Wishing well, roofless Norman chapel, baptistry and altar slab.
The well is accredited with curative powers. Signposted on the Penzance-Madron-Morvah
Ancient Village. Sancreed, near Land's End (SW 403288). English Heritage.
There is fine preservation of stone house foundations and an underground passage,
or fogou. The finds are at the Royal Cornwall Museum.
Ancient Village. Madron, near Land's End (SW 472350). Courtyard houses, a
fougou and field system. Footpath from Badger's Cross to Newmill road. The finds
are at the Royal Cornwall Museum. Photo
left shows Chysauster Ancient Village
Crosses Cornwall has the highest concentration of Celtic crosses in the country,
most easily accessible. In Cornwall, the style of cross tends to be freestanding.
Part of the simplicity of the Cornish crosses is due to the difficulty of carving
Brae Occupied from 3,900BC, and was protected from attack by stone ramparts.
Archaeological evidence shows the settlement was attacked and burned down at some
point in its history. Hoards of Celtic coins have also been found on the hill
during excavation. According to folklore, a giant called John of Gaunt lived on
this ancient site. The giant had a rivalry with another local giant called Bolster.
The two would often engage in battle and throw boulders at each other. The many
large erratics found in this area are supposed to be remnants of their battles.
Map ref: SW 683 407. Directions: Carn Brae is to the South West of Redruth. A
footpath from Churchtown leads up the hill.
MAMVRO Magazine of ancient stones and sacred sites in Cornwall.
in West Cornwall
Guide To Ancient Monuments in the UK
Cornwall Museum River Street, Truro. Some fine Iron Age exhibits, including
some fromthe tin industry that flourished in Cornwall from the Stone Age to the
present day. Also, the natural history of Cornwall, a world famous collection
of minerals, a pre-eminent collection of ceramics, collections of ancient Egyptian,
Greek, and Roman antiquities, and a changing display of fine and decorative art.
The museum has a diverse range of temporary exhibitions, from photographs to textiles,
Old Master drawings to natural history, many of which have free admission.
early dates relevant to Cornwall
Evidence of the spread of Celtic customs and artefacts across
Britain; more and varied types of pottery in use, more characteristic decoration
of jewelry. There was no known invasion of Britain by the Celts; they probably
gradually infiltrated into British society through trade and other contact over
a period of several hundred years; Druids, the intellectual class of the Celts
(their own word for themselves, meaning "the hidden people"), begin
a thousand year floruit.
c.150 Metal coinage comes
into use; widespread contact with continent.
Flourishing of Carn Euny (Cornwall), an iron age village with interlocking stone
court-yard houses; community features a "fogou," an underground chamber
used, possibly, for storage or defense
Artorius Castus, commander of a detachment of Sarmatian conscripts stationed in
Britain, led his troops to Gaul to quell a rebellion. This is the first appearance
of the name, Artorius, in history and some believe that this Roman military man
is the original, or basis, for the Arthurian legend. The theory says that Castus'
exploits in Gaul, at the head of a contingent of mounted troops, are the basis
for later, similar traditions about "King Arthur," and, further, that
the name "Artorius" became a title, or honorific, which was ascribed
to a famous warrior in the fifth century.
of Brunanburh: Athelstan defeats alliance of Scots, Celts, Danes, and Vikings,
and takes the title of "King of all Britain"
here to see the complete Britannia history timeline