Holiday Cottage Mousehole Cornwall

Cornwall: St. Piran and the Cornish Flag

Cornish Cottages: The Cornish FGlagCornish Cottages: St PiranBaner Sen Perran
The national flag of Cornwall is St. Piran’s flag - a black background with a white cross. According to folklore, St. Piran sailed to Cornwall from Ireland on a stone.  He had offended one of the Irish kings who shackled him to a millstone and threw him into the sea. The people were amazed to see him rise to the surface astride the stone. He landed in Cornwall, where he built his church at Perranporth. Cornish Cottages: The Cornish TartanAccording to legend, one night as St. Piran was preparing his dinner, his rectangular hearth cracked in the heat of the strong fire. The black rocks became so hot that he noticed shining white metal in the shape of a white cross appeared among the black ash.  This was the discovery of the smelting process which St. Piran taught to the Cornish. In Cornwall, we celebrate St. Piran’s Day on March 5th. The Cornish Tartan is called St Piran. 

Cornish Cottages: The Cross of St PiranThe Cross of St Piran
"Probably one of the oldest crosses in Cornwall is the "cross of St. Piran," which stands near the ruins of the deserted church amid the sand-hills of Perranporth. This cross is mentioned in a charter of King Edgar in A.D. 960, and was an old landmark even at that date." The Story of Cornwall, by A.K. Hamilton Jenkin (1934). Publishers: Thomas Nelson and Sons

More about St Piran
St Piran Cornish Flag Tartan
The Cornish Stannery Heritage


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